As recorded by the Greek historian Xenophon in his Anabasis, the Kardouchoi were an independent people living in the Zagros Mountains who gave the Greeks a terrible beating during their retreat from Persia in 401 BCE. Many scholars believe that the Kardouchoi were the ancestors of today's Kurds.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

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  • Kurdish people — Kurd redirects here. For other uses, see Kurd (disambiguation). Kurds 1st row: Saladin …   Wikipedia

  • Kurd — /kerrd, koord/; Pers. /koohrddd/, n. a member of an Islamic people speaking Kurdish and dwelling chiefly in Kurdistan. [1610 20] * * * Member of an ethnic and linguistic group native to parts of Iran, Iraq, and Turkey (see Kurdistan). Kurds speak …   Universalium

  • Chronology — 401 BCE Kardouchoi harass retreating Greeks, as recorded by Xenophon in his Anabasis. Mid 7th century CE Kurds are Islamicized. 1169 Saladin (most famous Kurd) establishes Ayyubid dynasty in Egypt and Syria. 1187 Saladin defeats Crusaders at the… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • HISTORICAL BACKGROUND — The origin of the Kurds is uncertain, although some scholars believe them to be the descendants of various Indo European tribes, which settled in the area as long as 4,000 years ago. The Kurds themselves claim to be the descendants of the Medes… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • XENOPHON —    See Kardouchoi …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

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